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No Rwandan child is ever to lack milk!

– King Mibambwe Gisanura (1660’s)

Girinka Program: One Cow Per Poor Family

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Launched

2006

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Families Impacted

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0 %

Food Security Level

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0 %

Milk Production Growth

0

litres in 2010

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litres in 2016

Girinka Program is a Home Grown Solution that emerged from the 2006 National Umushyikirano Council (NUC) as a pro-poor program to help poor families improving their welfare. The program is inspired by the Rwandan Culture. Girinka goes back in the annals of Rwandan history 17th century as a social protection measure especially in favor of children instituted by the King Mibambwe.


The concept of Girinka was first introduced by King Mibambwe Gisanura (+ 1660), who decreed that “no Rwandan child was ever to lack daily milk again while others had plenty”.  Since then, Rwandans have given cattle to one another, or milk to those in need. Girinka program was revived by President Paul Kagame who in 2006 initiated the program after seeing the extent of malnutrition and stunting among Rwandan children. 

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Since its inception in 2006, Girinka program has been implemented in all 30 districts by the Government of Rwanda, Private sector, Civil Society Organisations, and Non Government Institutions through giving cows to poor family to support them improve their socio- economic welfare. All along the implementation process, Girinka program has proven to be a veritable success despite some challenges encountered. Latest figures from the Rwanda Agriculture Board (RAB) show that Girinka initiative has so far provided cows to over 259,087 families while the target is 350,000 families by 2017 and this implies a gap of about 100,000 cows that have to be provided.

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For the Girinka program to be effective, each district of Rwanda has been assigned the target number of cows to be distributed for the period from 2016 to 2017. Next graph presents the Girinka targets per district. A total number of 259,087 cows have been distributed countrywide from June 2006 to 30th November 2016 against the target of 350,000 by 2017 which is a progress of 74.02%.

Challenges

Low agriculture productivity and arable land distribution is a major challenge in Rwanda. The obvious consequences is that a substantial number of rural families who subsist on agriculture have less than 1ha, and where there is no use of fertilizers and most of that land is not arable which will cause land degradation, poverty and low household income. In the vision 2020, Rwanda intends to move from a low level income country to a middle level economy by 2020. The Girinka program is one of the strategies towards these objectives. Its aim is to give to every poor family one cow that will help the poor families to increase their crop production by using manure, increase their income and their nutrition at the household level and country wide. SOURCE

A rigorous but ground-minding and flexible implementation strategy

 

The programme was embedded, as an implementation measure, in the key poverty reduction initiatives of the country: EDPRS, Vision 2020 as well as Integrated Development Programme. The programme’s impact is enabled by key principles that guide its implementation framework.

Economic Impact

 

The number of cows distributed in the framework of Girinka program contributed to increase milk production by 89% from 372,619 liters in 2010 to 706,030 liters in 2016

Social Impact

Girinka program also contributes to improve food security and has health outcomes. According to the 2015 Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerable analysis findings, 80% of all households are food secure and 20% are food insecure.

Governance Impact

 

The way citizens of a given locality (umudugudu) sit together with their leaders and decide on who should be the Girinka beneficiaries, indicates Citizens’ participation in government political and socio-economic programs.

Learn more about the Girinka Program

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Contact us

Please talk to us at 

 

Hello@hgs.rgb.rw